Selecting suitable programming languages, tools, and platforms can significantly impact the functionality of a future app in various ways, including the ease with which it is developed, its level of performance, and its production rate. As a result, it is essential to make the appropriate decision immediately. 

Suppose you are considering developing a web application. In that case, you are likely weighing the benefits and drawbacks of centering your stack development efforts on JavaScript and its tools. If you consider the backend development platform, you will undoubtedly choose Node.js.

In addition, we can observe that large, well-established companies are moving away from their legacy systems and toward Node.js. Developers are aware that a new "game-changing" technology makes its way into the IT industry every few months to fall into extinction later; this is not the case with Node.js. Instead, Node.js is here to stay. This is somewhat unusual; therefore, to better understand why use Node js, what Node js is used for, and when you should use Node js, let's take a deeper dig into these topics.

What is Node.js?

Node.js is a framework and runtime environment that is open-source and cross-platform, and it is used to execute web applications in places other than the client's browser.

In the beginning, it was developed by Ryan Dahl in 2009. Dahl was satisfied with the options already available for creating online applications when he came upon a file upload progress bar on Flickr. This served as the impetus for Dahl to develop this tool. Therefore, he decided to create a setting that was both simple and uncomplicated to operate.

And that is how it came into being. What is the purpose of using node js at this point? It is used for programming on the server side, and most of the time, it is applied to event-driven, non-blocking servers like regular websites and backend API services. Node.js is built on the V8 JavaScript engine found in Google Chrome. Other browsers each have their version of the JavaScript language.

Node.js is utilized in developing scalable desktop and mobile applications and online and IoT projects. These applications and projects must be able to manage a considerable number of connections without running into any problems. After years of utilizing several runtime environments, many of the most prominent applications have made the jump to Node.js as a result of this rationale.

You can explore further if you're still curious about the Node js advantages. It is utilized by Netflix in addition to Uber and other well-known applications, indicating that there is something to it!

Why Should You Choose Node.js?

The question may arise in your mind: why Node js? Because it solves a wide variety of problems. Since it is essentially a server-side framework, Node.js is well-suited for use in backend systems. Several scenarios where it might be appropriate to employ Node.js are provided below:

  • Reliable, Quick, And Slim Applications For Continuous Communication

Your product's complexity and cost will dictate the technology you should use to create it. Node.js adaptability and efficiency make it a good choice for developing lightweight programs with high throughput. Instant chat and other collaborative tools are good examples of real-time applications.

  • The Architecture of Serverless and Microservice Systems

Node.js is great for developing serverless and microservice-based applications due to its adaptability. Both of these approaches to layout are widely used because of their capacity to save costs and streamline the administration of application lifetimes.

  • IoT (Internet of Things)

The number of concurrent connections that Node.js can manage is high. Node.js is a suitable backend for IoT applications due to its serverless design and support for real-time communication. IoT is based on many devices transmitting many little messages that must be processed rapidly.

  • Audio/Video Processing

Few technologies can compare to Node.js when processing asynchronous input and output. Therefore, Node.js is a viable solution for processing and managing multimedia data coupled with third-party media tools. Node.js makes it simple to build up a streaming infrastructure, for instance.

  • State Of Things: Fast Progress

Because it is based on widely used web languages, Node.js has a relatively low learning curve. The development and release of brand-new items are accelerated. As a result, fewer engineering resources are needed to do this.

  • Compatibility with C++ Code

Integration with preexisting C++ libraries is a breeze with Node.js. This is because Node.js is a server-side web application written in C++ and executed on the host node. That paves the way for instantaneous communication between C++ and the application code using Node js.

What are the Pros of Node.js?

Here are the Node js advantages:

  • Easy to Learn

JavaScript is one of the most widely used programming languages; therefore, most programmers are fluent in it. Developers with a solid grounding in JavaScript will find Node.js to be a natural fit for their backend needs. Node.js requires less time to learn and is more efficient.

  • Perform at a High Level

As was previously noted, Node.js uses Google's V8 JavaScript engine to decipher JavaScript code. The engine performs a native compilation of JavaScript into machine code. As a result, putting the code into action is straightforward. More so, it's a rapid and efficient process.

  • Unity of Programming Language

The Node.js framework makes it feasible for programmers to use JavaScript while creating server-side applications. Thus, when you hire Node.js developers, you're getting people who can use a runtime environment to develop JavaScript-based apps for a website's front and back ends.

  • Compatible with Google Chrome

Node.js gives life to the search engine, profoundly affecting both the front and back ends of the application. Google's V8 engine provides backing for Node.js, allowing for continuous JavaScript execution on the front end.

  • Complete JavaScript Stack

It's commonly agreed that Node.js is a "full-stack" JavaScript, which can be used to build server and client-side applications. To save time and money, Node.js users don't have to pay for the services of remote engineers for the front end or the back end.

  • Large and Active Community

A vast and active developer community is working on Node.js to make it the best server-side JavaScript possible. In particular, JavaScript developers have been helpful to Node.js developers by providing them with ready-made solutions and codes in GitHub.

  • Manage Multiple Requests at Once

Node.js enables the possibility of non-blocking I/O systems. It facilitates the handling of multiple requests to the server at once. The Node.js system outperforms Ruby and Python when handling numerous requests at once. All incoming requests are grouped and processed in a timely and organized manner.

  • Caching's Capabilities

Node.js, an open-source runtime environment, includes a module-level caching feature. The application remembers the entirety of the request for the first modules.

  • Support for Commonly Used Tools

With Node.js, developers gain increased support for numerous commonly used tools. If you want to examine the source code of the Node.js application, you can accomplish it by utilizing Jasmin and other such testing tools. Likewise, you can use npm, robust package management, to install or discover the project's dependencies.

Want to learn more tips and tricks for Javascript? Take a look at our blog post: "Javascript: Object.Prototype and classes"

Cons of using Node.js

Follow the below cons of Node.js:

  • Interacting with a Relational Database

Node.js, a JavaScript runtime, is ideal for accessing and manipulating relational databases. The MySQL module in Node.js facilitates communication with and manipulation of MySQL databases.

However, this can be a source of frustration because specific libraries are trickier to work with than others. Relational databases can be tougher to use than other types of databases. While Node.js has the potential to simplify your work with relational databases, it can also pose problems.

  • Inconsistent API

You should know that the node.js API is unreliable if you plan to use it. That implies it can be altered anytime, making it possible to compromise your system if you aren't cautious. To be ready for breaking changes, you must be aware of the most recent developments.

  • Not Suited for CPU-intensive Tasks

Applications written in Node.js can only make use of a single CPU core at a time because they are single-threaded. CPU -intensive applications may run into difficulties due to this.

We are all aware that Node.js is a server-side JavaScript runtime environment. As a front-end programming language, JavaScript uses a single thread to process operations rapidly. Since JavaScript jobs are so small and CPU-intensive, threading is unnecessary for them to run.

  • Memory Leaks

If your web application is not coded effectively, it can be defenseless instead of memory leaks. When some function allocates memory but fails to release it, this is known as a memory leak. This can ultimately lead to the Node.js process running out of memory and collapsing.

The Bottom Line

Node.js is an excellent option for creating websites and apps. Because of its speed, scalability, and extensive library of helpful modules, creating applications with it is a breeze. Some of the most widely used programs in the world rely on it, and Amazon Web Services backs it up. 

In short, Node.js is the go-to JavaScript framework for efficient, rapid app creation. But remember, you need a team of professionals and UX/UI designers to get the most out of this technology.